Your car’s engine is composed of different parts, each with a crucial role to play in its overall performance. Among others, one of the most important is the head gasket. It has the primary function of sealing in the combustion process, while also minimizing the likelihood that the engine oil and coolant will get mixed in the combustion chamber.
Over time, the head gasket is subject to wear and tear, which can lead to being head gasket problems. A blown head gasket means that the gasket has a break in it, even if it is very small, and oil, coolant, and gases can mix or leak out.
As a result, the engine can malfunction and its power can be reduced. To prevent this from happening, you need to know how to test for a bad head gasket.
To test for a bad head gasket you can perform several tests including, testing for hydrocarbons ( unburnt gases from combustion), testing for cylinder pressure, checking the oil for coolant or contaminants, checking the coolant for oil or bubbles, checking the spark plugs for discoloration, and noticing when the engine is overheating or not working properly.
Looking out for warning signs that show the head gasket is not functioning correctly. If it is already blown, a replacement or repair is necessary as soon as possible.
What You Will Need to Follow this Tutorial
In most of the steps that will be mentioned below, you will not need tools as most of the signs are visual. Nonetheless, if there are materials that may be needed, here are what you should prepare:
- Gas analyzer
- Compression tester
Step-by-Step Guide on How to Test for a Bad Head Gasket
When testing if the gasket is blown, it is important to determine if it is really is the head gasket or something else. If so, a replacement gasket is necessary. If the tests reveal that the head gasket is not bad, you need to proceed with the diagnosis of the other parts until you are able to determine the source of the issue.
Before proceeding, watch this short video below for a primer of the next steps outlined in the article.
1. Check for the Possible Contamination of Oil
The engine oil is one of the most obvious indicators of a potential problem in the head gasket. Before you proceed, make sure to turn off your car and allow the engine to cool down. The least that you would want is to burn yourself while working. Open the engine oil cap or look at the dipstick to see if the oil is discolored or contaminated. If there is a problem, there should be a milk-like ring.
However, take note that this is only a preliminary procedure. Even if the engine oil, seems fine, the head gasket could still have a hole in it. To be sure if there is a problem with a bad gasket, continue with the other tests that will be briefly tackled below.
2. Inspect the Coolant
Specifically, you have to look for the presence of hydrocarbons, which means that there are unburned fuel gases in the coolant. If you have an these gases in any cooling system, you can detect them with the use of a to find its way there unless there is a broken head gasket.
The best way to check for the presence of hydrocarbons and unburned fuel is through the use of a gas analyzer, which has been shown in the video posted above.
An external leak from the coolant is also indicative of the problem. Watch out for signs of the leaks along the surface of the head gasket.
3. Look for Bubbles
When testing for a bad gasket, you also have to look at the radiator and check if there are bubbles. To confirm if there are air bubbles, start by removing the cap that covers the radiator after the engine has cool for at least 30 minutes.
Start the engine and rev it a few times. If there are bubbles forming, this may indicate that your head gasket is leaking gases and is broken somewhere.
4. Check the Spark Plugs
Another sign that you have a bad head gasket is when you have colored tinted spark plugs. Usually, you will notice that there are white deposits surrounding the spark plugs. This is a result of the burning of the coolant in the combustion chamber.
If you use a green coolant and if you see greenish particles in the head gasket, take this as another indication of a head gasket problem.
5. Look for Problems in the Engine
The engine will not function properly if the head gasket is blown. One of the problems that will likely occur is an overheating engine. This is because the engine is not able to receive the right amount of coolant. A bad head gasket can also cause overheating during the combustion process.
6. Perform a Cylinder Compression Test
This is one of the tests that you can perform to determine if there is a problem with the head gasket. The failure of the head gasket can cause low compression and misfiring in the cylinders.
Below are some tips to keep in mind when dealing with head gaskets, not just when testing if it is bad, but also when it comes to care and maintenance:
- Using the right coolant is one of the easiest ways to prevent the head gasket from being blown. Mixing coolant or using one that is not suitable for your engine can speed up the wear of your head gasket.
- See to it that the cooling system is in a good condition. From the coolant to the water pump, make sure that they are all in good shape. Otherwise, they can cause the engine to overheat, and in turn, will negatively impact the head gasket.
- When installing a new gasket as a replacement for the one that has been blown, one of the most important is proper sealing. This will prevent the entry of foreign materials and contaminants that can cause wear and tear.
- Replacing a broken head gasket can be expensive. Good thing there are products that can effectively provide a temporary remedy to the problem. There are products that can seal cracks and gaps in a head gasket, but most people don't recommend them as a proper or permanent fix.
One last alternative to check for a blown head gasket is shown in the video below.
I hope that you can find any problems with your engine as you check for a bad head gasket. As discussed above, it will require a quick visual inspection of oil, spark plugs, radiator, and coolant, and possibly other parts of the engine. Testing for compression and hydrocarbons can also help you know if the head gasket is blown.
As you follow the steps above, your understanding of the problem should be clearer and that will give you options for your next steps.