What is a Spark Plug?
A spark plug is nothing but a device that is very much helpful in delivering the electric current from an explosion system to the burning cavity of a glint ignition engine. A spark plug has a structure where it has a metal shell and is also electrically isolated with the use of a chinaware insulator.
Also, spark plugs are very much in use in measuring the ionization inside the cylinder of the engine and in furnaces to ignite the combustible mixture of air or fuel. There are different kinds of spark plugs available as per the engine. It is very important to know about how many sparks plugs in a V6 before buying one.
What are the Different Parts of a Spark Plug?
The different parts of a spark plug are as below:
- Terminal: The top part of a spark plug comprises of the terminal that connects to the ignition system. The terminal construction depends purely upon the usage of spark plugs.
- Insulator: The major part of the insulator has its structure made out of alumina, which is a hard ceramic material and has high dielectric strength. It is helpful in rendering mechanical support and electric insulation for protection.
- Ribs: It helps in improvising the electrical insulation and in preventing the electrical energy leaking from the terminal to the metal case of the spark plug.
- Insulator Tip Seals: They are important to ensure that there is absence of leakage from the combustion chamber
- Metal Case and Central Electrode: It connects to the terminal with the help of an internal wire and helps in reduction of RF noise that is caused due to the sparking.
What is a V6 Engine?
As the name suggests, a V6 engine is a V engine that has six cylinders that mount excellently over a crankshaft. It is one of the most compactable engine configurations among all the engine types available. The engine has a large, quiet range of 2.0 L to 4.3 L. Also, it is less costly to build this engine, and it has much better fuel consumption in comparison to V8 engine.
Lastly, the engine has the better smoothness and also adequate fuel capacity.
What are the Different Kinds of Spark Plugs Available?
The different types of spark plugs that are available in the market are as below. Also, it is very important to know about each spark plug in detail before you get one for your V6 engine.
1. Copper Spark Plugs
The copper spark plugs are very cheap in the market, but they also have a short life span. They are highly recommendable as copper has the natural tendency to conduct electricity in a much better way than any other material.
Copper plugs are too used as copper is very much known for producing a high spark in many conditions. These plugs can last up to 20,000 to 40,000 miles.
2. Platinum Spark Plugs
The platinum spark plugs are comparatively higher in cost as the metal platinum is quiet rarely available. The power transferring capacity of these plugs is low in comparison to copper plugs because platinum is less conductive. They are widely in use as they do not get eroded faster and also they have almost double life span in comparison to copper plugs.
Lastly, the platinum spark plugs are very well known as they shine under many normal conditions while driving.
3. Double Platinum Plugs
The double platinum plugs are almost similar to the platinum spark plugs except for the fact that they have an extra platinum tip. Also, they have much better center coating feature in them that makes them last longer. Lastly, these plugs are preferable over the platinum spark plugs because of higher stability and better performance.
4. Iridium Spark Plugs
The plugs that have an iridium tip on them are known as iridium spark plugs. The iridium spark plugs not only offer much better output power transfer but also they have better combustion values that ultimately lead quiet, smooth running engines. Also, these plugs have a very long lifespan in comparison to the copper spark plugs.
These plugs are among the most costly plugs because they comprise of fine wire centers that help in the better conduction of electrical energy.
5. Gapping Spark Plugs
The word gapping refers to making adjustments in the distance present between the conducting electrode and the tip of the plug from where the electricity migrates. The entire gapping is completed by firstly bending the electrode with the help of a gap tool and then achieving the accurate gap distance.
The accurate gap distance is very much necessary in these plugs because it helps in maximizing the power transfer, better consumption of fuel and also giving smoothness to the engine. Along with these features, it also has a very long lifespan in comparison to most of the spark plugs.
It is important to know that if the gap is too narrow, then there are chances of a spar, which is not only small but also very weak in nature. If the gap is not accurate enough then there are chances of misfiring, and also the economy and power of the engine might have to suffer.
How many Sparks Plugs for a V6 Engine?
No matter what engine you are having, it is normally seen that there you must have a minimum of one spark plug for every cylinder so that there is the proper ignition of the air and fuel mixture that makes the engine run properly. Some of the high-performance engines may have spark plugs more than one for every engine.
Certain things have to be taken into consideration while buying a spark plug. Some of the factors that play a major role are as below:
- Performance: It is very much important to inspect the performance level of the plug before you buy it. There are different performance level based spark plugs available on the market. You can have the choice of not only different style but also different shape and the placing of metal tab. There is a single tab, double tab and also quad tab types available. Amongst all, single tab designs are highly recommendable.
- Heat rating of the plug: One of the most important factors to look upon while purchasing spark plugs is the spark plug’s heat ratings. The heat rating is basically how fast the spark plug can dissipate heat. The high-performance spark plugs usually offer higher heat ratings.
- The material of the electrode: Most of the people are much in a dilemma when it comes to deciding the material of electrode in the spark plug. The material can be copper, platinum or iridium. The electrode material depends on how much high-performance plug you need for your engine.
It is very well known that no matter what engine it is, there is a need for at least one spark plug per cylinder to make the engine run properly. It is very much important to know about each and every detail about the spark plug, starting right from its type to the heat rating that it offers before you buy one for your engine.